Visual Basic Bitmap Routines
keybd_event: Calling Windows' PrintScreen Function
     
Posted:   Thursday December 26, 1996
Updated:   Monday December 26, 2011
     
Applies to:   VB4-32, VB5, VB6
Developed with:   VB4-32, Windows 95
OS restrictions:   None
Author:   John Weinhold, VBnet - Randy Birch
     

Related:  

BitBlt: Mimicking the PrintScreen Function
BitBlt: Mimicking PrintScreen to Create a 'PrintForm'
CreateEnhMetaFile: Saving a PrintScreen as a Windows Enhanced Metafile
InflateRect: Highlighting External Windows
keybd_event: Calling Windows' PrintScreen Function
OleCreatePictureIndirect: Mimicking PrintScreen Using OLE
       
 Prerequisites
None.

The following code will copy the contents of the desktop (the screen) into a Picture Box or image control on a form.

Unlike the examples listed at the top of this page, this method uses the Windows API to actually PrintScreen to the clipboard first, and then retrieve that bitmap into the image control.
 BAS Module Code
None.

 Form Code
To the form, add the following code:

Option Explicit
''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''
' Copyright 1996-2011 VBnet/Randy Birch, All Rights Reserved.
' Some pages may also contain other copyrights by the author.
''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''
' Distribution: You can freely use this code in your own
'               applications, but you may not reproduce 
'               or publish this code on any web site,
'               online service, or distribute as source 
'               on any media without express permission.
''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''
Private Declare Sub keybd_event Lib "user32" _
   (ByVal bVk As Byte, _
    ByVal bScan As Byte, _ 
    ByVal dwFlags As Long, _ 
    ByVal dwExtraInfo As Long)    


Private Sub Command1_Click()
 
  'call the Windows keybd_event sub, passing the built-in 
  'VB keyboard constant vbKeySnapshot (44) to the sub.  

  'The four parameters for keybd_event are: 
  'BYTE bVk           'virtual-key code
  'BYTE bScan         'hardware scan code
  'DWORD dwFlags      'flags specifying various function options
  'DWORD dwExtraInfo  'additional data associated with keystroke  

  'The second parameter (bScan) determines what
  'to copy... passing 0& copies the screen or 
  'passing 1& copies the active form.
   keybd_event vbKeySnapshot, 0&, 0&, 0&
   
  'pause to let Windows update the clipboard 
   DoEvents
   
  'retrieve the clipboard bitmap to the control
   Image1.Picture = Clipboard.GetData(vbCFBitmap)

End Sub
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