Visual Basic Disk/Drive API Routines

GetLogicalDriveStrings: An API 'DriveExists' Routine
     
Posted:   Wednesday October 20, 1999
Updated:   Monday December 26, 2011
     
Applies to:   VB4-32, VB5, VB6
Developed with:   VB6, Windows NT4
OS restrictions:   None
Author:   VBnet - Randy Birch
     

Related:  

 

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FindFirstFile: Save a Recursive Search of All Drives to Disk
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GetFileVersionInfo: File Search and File Property Info
GetLogicalDriveStrings: An API 'DriveExists' Routine
FindFirstFile: An API 'FileExists' Routine
FindFirstFile: An API 'FolderExists' Routine
PathFileExists: A Local/Network File/Folder/Drive Exists Routine
     
 Prerequisites
None.

For the API purest, here's a tiny function that simply returns True if a specified drive exists, or False if not.

Using GetLogicalDriveStrings, its a simple matter of retrieving all the available drives, then performing a case-insensitive Instr() against the result to determine if the passed drive letter is present. This method will also return True if the drive passed is a mapped network drive.

 BAS Module Code
None.

 Form Code
Drop a combo box and a Label onto a form and add the following:

Option Explicit
''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''
' Copyright 1996-2011 VBnet/Randy Birch, All Rights Reserved.
' Some pages may also contain other copyrights by the author.
''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''
' Distribution: You can freely use this code in your own
'               applications, but you may not reproduce 
'               or publish this code on any web site,
'               online service, or distribute as source 
'               on any media without express permission.
''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''
Private Declare Function GetLogicalDriveStrings Lib "kernel32" _
   Alias "GetLogicalDriveStringsA" _
  (ByVal nBufferLength As Long, _
   ByVal lpBuffer As String) As Long
   
   
Private Sub Form_Load()

   Dim x As Long
   
  'fill a combo with the letters A-Z
   For x = 65 To 90
      Combo1.AddItem Chr$(x) & ":"
   Next
   
End Sub


Private Sub Combo1_Click()

  'pass the selected letter to the DriveExists
  'routine, returning the result to a label.
   If Combo1.ListIndex > -1 Then
   
      Label1.Caption = DriveExists(Combo1.List(Combo1.ListIndex))
      
   End If
   
End Sub


Private Function DriveExists(SDrive As String) As Boolean

   Dim tmp As String
   Dim nBuffersize As Long
   
  'Call the API with a buffer size of 0.
  'The call fails, and the required size
  'is returned as the result.
   nBuffersize = GetLogicalDriveStrings(0&, tmp)

  'pad a string to hold the results
   tmp = Space$(nBuffersize)
   nBuffersize = Len(tmp)
   
  'and call again
   If GetLogicalDriveStrings(nBuffersize, tmp) Then
   
     'if the drive letter passed is in
     'the returned logical drive string,
     'return True. Use vbTextCompare for
     'a case-insensitive match (remembering 
     'that when a compare method is specified, 
     'the start position must also be specified.
      DriveExists = InStr(1, tmp, SDrive, vbTextCompare)

   End If
   
End Function
 Comments
This function will return the correct result regardless of format of the drive string passed .. i.e. you could pass 'M', 'M:' or 'M:\"

 
 

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