Visual Basic Network Services
NetConnectionEnum: Enumerating Share Connection Information
Posted:   Tuesday May 22, 2001
Updated:   Monday December 26, 2011
Applies to:   VB4-32, VB5, VB6
Developed with:   VB6, Windows 2000
OS restrictions:   Windows NT3.1, Windows NT4, Windows 2000, Windows XP
Author:   VBnet - Randy Birch


WNetAddConnection2: Transparently Connect to Network Shares
NetShareCheck: Determine Remote Folder or Device Share Status
WNetEnumResource: Enumerating Local Network Resources
NetConnectionEnum: Enumerating Share Connection Information
NetShareEnum: Enumerating Shared Resources on Other Machines  
NetShareAdd: Create a Local or Remote Share
WNetGetUser: User, Share and Share User for Network Resources
WNetGetConnection: Get UNC Path for Mapped Drive
For this demo, one of the operating systems listed under OS Restrictions above.

NetConnectionEnum lists all connections made to a shared resource on the server, or all connections established from a particular computer. If there is more than one user using this connection, then it is possible to get more than one structure for the same connection, but with a different user name. The demo illustration shows the connections and open files on the local machine's C$ share, indicating that the local machine has one connection (, and that LAPTOP2000 has three connections to the share. On the local machine via the share there are seven files opened, while the remote machine has twelve files open.

Both machines in the demo are running Windows 2000. When the demo is run from NT or 2000, the CONNECTION_INFO_1 data type is used to return information from the call, with the API as defined in this demo. Interrogating a Win9x machine from a 2000 machine using this data type also returns the correct information.

When the method is called from a Windows 9x machine, the method must use the CONNECTION_INFO_50 data type and a modified set of API declaration parameters (provided in the declares below). The CONNECTION_INFO_50 data type only provides the user name, net name, time, number of open files and connection type. It does not provide the additional connection ID number nor the number of users connecting to the share. The CONNECTION_INFO_50 structure is not supported on NT/2000, and the CONNECTION_INFO_1 structure is not supported on Win 9x. In addition, when calling from 9x using the CONNECTION_INFO_50 structure, the caller must allocate and deallocate memory for the buffer before and after the call. On NT/2000, this is handled by the API via the MAX_PREFERRED_LENGTH flag, and the NetApiBufferFree API. The Win9x method of calling this API is not demonstrated.

The first parameter of either API declare points to the string representing the remote server on which the function is to execute. If this is null (vbNullString), the local computer is used.  The second parameter specifies the share of interest. Only one share at a time can be enumerated; the method above shows the connection information for the C$ share only. The string passed as the qualifier parameter is the "friendly" share name provided when the share was created, i.e. "C$", "zips", "shared docs" etc. It is also necessary to specify, as the third parameter, an identifier to the "level" information structure being passed, in this demo a level 1 structure.

Admin or server, print, or comm operator group membership is required to successfully execute the NetConnectionEnum function..

 BAS Module Code

 Form Code
To a form add a command button (Command1), list box (List1), and two labels (Label1, Label2). A third set of labels in a control array can be used for the list item captions. Add the following to the form:

Option Explicit
' Copyright 1996-2011 VBnet/Randy Birch, All Rights Reserved.
' Some pages may also contain other copyrights by the author.
' Distribution: You can freely use this code in your own
'               applications, but you may not reproduce 
'               or publish this code on any web site,
'               online service, or distribute as source 
'               on any media without express permission.
Private Const NERR_SUCCESS As Long = 0&
Private Const MAX_PREFERRED_LENGTH As Long = -1
Private Const ERROR_MORE_DATA As Long = 234&
Private Const LB_SETTABSTOPS As Long = &H192
Private Const STYPE_DISKTREE = 0
Private Const STYPE_PRINTQ = 1
Private Const STYPE_DEVICE = 2
Private Const STYPE_IPC = 3

'for use on Win NT/2000 only
  coni1_id As Long
  coni1_type As Long
  coni1_num_opens As Long
  coni1_num_users As Long
  coni1_time As Long
  coni1_username As Long
  coni1_netname As Long
End Type

Private Declare Function NetConnectionEnum Lib "netapi32" _
  (ByVal servername As Long, _
   ByVal qualifier As Long, _
   ByVal level As Long, _
   bufptr As Long, _
   ByVal prefmaxlen As Long, _
   entriesread As Long, _
   totalentries As Long, _
   resume_handle As Long) As Long
Private Declare Function NetApiBufferFree Lib "netapi32" _
   (ByVal Buffer As Long) As Long
'common routines
Private Declare Sub CopyMemory Lib "kernel32" _
   Alias "RtlMoveMemory" _
  (pTo As Any, uFrom As Any, _
   ByVal lSize As Long)
Private Declare Function lstrlenW Lib "kernel32" _
  (ByVal lpString As Long) As Long

Private Declare Function SendMessage Lib "user32" _
   Alias "SendMessageA" _
  (ByVal hwnd As Long, _
   ByVal wMsg As Long, _
   ByVal wParam As Long, _
   lParam As Any) As Long

Private Sub Form_Load()

   ReDim TabArray(0 To 5) As Long
   TabArray(0) = 59
   TabArray(1) = 128
   TabArray(2) = 159
   TabArray(3) = 185
   TabArray(4) = 212
   TabArray(5) = 243
  'Clear existing tabs and set
   Call SendMessage(List1.hwnd, LB_SETTABSTOPS, 0&, ByVal 0&)
   Call SendMessage(List1.hwnd, LB_SETTABSTOPS, 6&, TabArray(0))
   Command1.Caption = "NetConnectionEnum"
   Label1.Caption = "call success (0) or error :"
   Label2.Caption = ""
End Sub

Private Sub Command1_Click()

   Dim bufptr          As Long  'output
   Dim dwServer        As Long  'pointer to the server 
   Dim dwShare         As Long  'pointer to the share 
   Dim dwEntriesread   As Long  'out
   Dim dwTotalentries  As Long  'out
   Dim dwResumehandle  As Long  'out
   Dim success         As Long  
   Dim nStructSize     As Long
   Dim cnt             As Long
   Dim bServer         As String
   Dim bShare          As String   
   Dim ci1             As CONNECTION_INFO_1
  'use the local machine for testing. This parameter can 
  'specify the local machine or the server upon which 
  'the enumeration should occur. Note that COMPUTERNAME 
  'is an NT/2000 environment variable.
   bServer = "\\" & Environ$("COMPUTERNAME") & vbNullString
   dwServer = StrPtr(bServer)
   bShare = "C$"
   dwShare = StrPtr(bShare)
  'this is the NT/2000 declare being called! 
   success = NetConnectionEnum(dwServer, _
                               dwShare, _
                               1, _
                               bufptr, _
                               MAX_PREFERRED_LENGTH, _
                               dwEntriesread, _
                               dwTotalentries, _

   Label2.Caption = success
   If success = NERR_SUCCESS And _
      success <> ERROR_MORE_DATA Then
      nStructSize = LenB(ci1)
      For cnt = 0 To dwEntriesread - 1
        'get one chunk of data and cast
        'into an CONNECTION_INFO_1 type,
        'and add the data to a list
         CopyMemory ci1, ByVal bufptr + (nStructSize * cnt), nStructSize
        'ci1.coni1_time returns the number of seconds; 
        'here we translate that into minutes
         List1.AddItem GetPointerToByteStringW(ci1.coni1_username) & vbTab & _
                       GetPointerToByteStringW(ci1.coni1_netname) & vbTab & _
                       ci1.coni1_time \ 60 & vbTab & _
                       ci1.coni1_num_opens & vbTab & _
                       ci1.coni1_num_users & vbTab & _
                       ci1.coni1_id & vbTab & _

   End If
   Call NetApiBufferFree(bufptr)

End Sub

Private Function GetPointerToByteStringW(ByVal dwData As Long) As String
   Dim tmp() As Byte
   Dim tmplen As Long
   If dwData <> 0 Then
      tmplen = lstrlenW(dwData) * 2
      If tmplen <> 0 Then
         ReDim tmp(0 To (tmplen - 1)) As Byte
         CopyMemory tmp(0), ByVal dwData, tmplen
         GetPointerToByteStringW = tmp
     End If
   End If
End Function

Private Function GetConnectionType(ByVal dwSessionType As Long) As String

   Select Case dwSessionType
      Case STYPE_DISKTREE: GetConnectionType = "Disk drive"
      Case STYPE_PRINTQ:   GetConnectionType = " Print queue"
      Case STYPE_DEVICE:   GetConnectionType = "Communication device"
      Case STYPE_IPC:      GetConnectionType = "(IPC)"
      Case Else:           GetConnectionType = ""
   End Select
End Function


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Copyright 1996-2011 VBnet and Randy Birch. All Rights Reserved.
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