Visual Basic System Services
SHQueryRecycleBin: Recycle Bin Management
Posted:   Tuesday January 13, 1997
Updated:   Monday December 26, 2011
Applies to:   VB4-32, VB5, VB6
Developed with:   VB4-32, Windows 95
OS restrictions:   See below
Author:   VBnet - Randy Birch


SHFileOperation: Copy or Move an Entire Directory
SHFileOperation: Add Recycle Bin Functionality
SHFileOperation: Copy, Move or Delete Files
NT: Requires version 5.0 or later (or version 4.0 with Internet Explorer 4.0 or later).
Windows: Requires Windows 98 (or Windows 95 with Internet Explorer 4.0 or later).

Many have written asking about Recycle Bin routines.  Here, the SHQueryRecycleBin API is used to determine the contents of the bins, and the SHEmptyRecycleBin API dumps the contents, based on flags set by the user.

In addition, the code demonstrates using the ShellExecute API to open Explorer at the C:\ folder in 'explore' mode (both treeview and listview displayed), and to open the Recycle Bin with the 'open' verb (listview only), using the Recycle Bin's registry CLSID.

Start a new project, and copy the following code as indicated.

New: On Windows 2000/XP, vbNullString is not a valid drive parameter. On this OS, you must pass the root drive of the bin of interest, ie "c:", "d:", etc. This is true regardless of the recycle bin's "Use one setting for all drives" setting. This change in behaviour means that the bin count received on querying the recycle bin will reflect only the contents of recycle bin on the drive indicated.

 BAS Module Code

 Form Code
To a form, add 3 check buttons in a control array (Check1(0) - Check1(2)) with the captions as shown in the illustration. Set their initial values to 0. Add 5 command buttons (Command1 - Command5), and a label (Label1).

Option Explicit
' Copyright 1996-2011 VBnet/Randy Birch, All Rights Reserved.
' Some pages may also contain other copyrights by the author.
' Distribution: You can freely use this code in your own
'               applications, but you may not reproduce 
'               or publish this code on any web site,
'               online service, or distribute as source 
'               on any media without express permission.
Private Type myLong64
   var1 As Long
   var2 As Long
End Type

   cbSize         As Long
   i64Size        As myLong64
   i64NumItems    As myLong64
End Type

Private Const SW_NORMAL = 1
Private Const SW_SHOWMAXIMIZED = 3
Private Const SW_SHOWDEFAULT = 10
Private Const SW_SHOWNORMAL = 1

Private Const HWND_DESKTOP = 0
Private Const SHERB_NOSOUND = &H4

Private Declare Function ShellExecute Lib "shell32" _
    Alias "ShellExecuteA" _
   (ByVal hwnd As Long, _
    ByVal lpOperation As String, _
    ByVal lpFile As String, _
    ByVal lpParameters As String, _
    ByVal lpDirectory As String, _
    ByVal nShowCmd As Long) As Long

Private Declare Function SHQueryRecycleBin Lib "shell32" _
    Alias "SHQueryRecycleBinA" _
   (ByVal pszRootPath As String, _
    pSHQueryRBInfo As SHQUERYRBINFO) As Long

Private Declare Function SHEmptyRecycleBin Lib "shell32" _
    Alias "SHEmptyRecycleBinA" _
   (ByVal hwnd As Long, _
    ByVal pszRootPath As String, _
    ByVal dwFlags As Long) As Long

Private Sub Form_Load

   Command1.Caption = "Open Recycle Bin"
   Command2.Caption = "Explore C"
   Command3.Caption = "Requery Bin Status"
   Command4.Caption = "Empty Recycle Bin"
   Command5.Caption = "Exit"
   Check1(0).Caption = "Don't show confirmation dialog"
   Check1(1).Caption = "Don't show progress dialog"
   Check1(2).Caption = "Don't play completion sound"
  'get the bin stats by setting
  'the value property of the
  'requery button to true
   Command3.Value = True
End Sub

Private Sub Command1_Click()
   Dim sCommand As String  
 'Win95 class ID of the Recycle Bin
   sCommand = "/root,::{645FF040-5081-101B-9F08-00AA002F954E}"
  Call ShellExecute(HWND_DESKTOP, _
                    "Open", _
                    "explorer.exe", _
                    sCommand, 0&, _

End Sub

Private Sub Command2_Click()
   Dim sCommand As String  
 'Win95 class ID of the Recycle Bin
   sCommand = "/e,c:\"
  Call ShellExecute(HWND_DESKTOP, _
                    "Open", _
                    "explorer.exe", _
                    sCommand, 0&, _

End Sub

Private Sub Command3_Click()

   Dim binCount As Long
   binCount = GetBitBucketCount()
   If binCount Then
      Label1.Caption = "The Recycle Bin contains " & binCount & " items."
      Label1.Caption = "The Recycle Bin is empty."
   End If

   Command4.Enabled = binCount > 0

End Sub

Private Sub Command4_Click()

End Sub

Private Sub Command5_Click()

   Unload Me
End Sub

Private Function EmptyBitBucket(Optional drvBin As String)
   Dim flags As Long
  'if a specific bin is nor passed,
  'then set the drvBin to a null string
  'to perform the action on all bins
   If drvBin = "" Then
      drvBin = vbNullString
   End If
  'set the option flags based on the
  'check buttons
   If Check1(0).Value = 1 Then flags = SHERB_NOCONFIRMATION
   If Check1(1).Value = 1 Then flags = flags Or SHERB_NOPROGRESSUI
   If Check1(2).Value = 1 Then flags = flags Or SHERB_NOSOUND
  'empty the bin
   Call SHEmptyRecycleBin(Me.hwnd, drvBin, flags)
  'update the stats by setting
  'the value property of the
  'requery button to true
   Command3.Value = True
End Function

Private Function GetBitBucketCount() As Long

  'just need to set the length of the structure
   With SHQBI
      .cbSize = LenB(SHQBI)
   End With

   Call SHQueryRecycleBin(vbNullString, SHQBI)

   GetBitBucketCount = (SHQBI.i64NumItems.var1 + SHQBI.i64NumItems.var2)

End Function
Save & run the project. Pressing the Open Recycle Bin button will display the bin as though the icon was double clicked.  Pressing Explore C: opens a normal explorer window rooted at C:\.

The Requery Bin Status button is used to update the label and to activate the Empty Recycle Bin button when disabled.  The button will only enable when the bin has something to delete.

Selecting the first checkbox will turn off the "Do you want to delete" prompt; the bin will empty without confirmation. For deleting a large number of files, the second checkbox prevents the flying garbage AVI progress dialog.  The third option suspends the confirmation sound if set up on your system.


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Copyright 1996-2011 VBnet and Randy Birch. All Rights Reserved.
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