Visual Basic WMI System Services
Win32_Desktop: WMI Desktop Settings
Posted:   Monday March 25, 2002
Updated:   Monday November 28, 2011
Applies to:   VB5, VB6
Developed with:   VB6, Windows XP
OS restrictions:   Windows NT, 2000, XP. See Prerequisites below.
Author:   VBnet - Randy Birch


Windows Script Host is built into Microsoft Windows 98, 2000, ME and XP. If you are running Windows 95 or NT4, you can download Windows Script Host from the Microsoft Windows Script Technologies Web site at Some information is not returned on non-NT-based systems.

A reference set in Projects / References to the Microsoft WMI Scripting Library.

The Win32_Desktop WMI class represents the common characteristics of a user's desktop. The properties of this class can be modified by the user to customize the desktop.

This demo and illustration shows most some of the available information from the class. The complete listing can be found in the Comments section below. Note that some desktops may not return information in all class properties.

 BAS Module Code

 Form Code
To a form add a command button (Command1) and a listview (Listview1). Set a reference in Projects / References to the Microsoft WMI Scripting Library, and add the following to the form:

Option Explicit
' Copyright 1996-2011 VBnet/Randy Birch, All Rights Reserved.
' Some pages may also contain other copyrights by the author.
' Distribution: You can freely use this code in your own
'               applications, but you may not reproduce 
'               or publish this code on any web site,
'               online service, or distribute as source 
'               on any media without express permission.
'/* Below used for listview column auto-resizing
Private Const LVM_FIRST As Long = &H1000
Private Const LVM_SETCOLUMNWIDTH As Long = (LVM_FIRST + 30)
Private Const LVSCW_AUTOSIZE As Long = -1

Private Declare Function SendMessage Lib "user32" _
   Alias "SendMessageA" _
  (ByVal hwnd As Long, _
   ByVal wMsg As Long, _
   ByVal wParam As Long, _
   lParam As Any) As Long

Private Sub Form_Load()

   With ListView1
      .View = lvwReport
      .Sorted = False
   End With
   Command1.Caption = "Desktop Info"
End Sub

Private Sub Command1_Click()

   Call wmiDesktopInfo
   Call lvAutosizeControl(ListView1)
End Sub

Private Sub lvAutosizeControl(lv As ListView)

   Dim col2adjust As Long

  'Size each column based on the maximum of
  'either the columnheader text width, or,
  'if the items below it are wider, the
  'widest list item in the column
   For col2adjust = 0 To lv.ColumnHeaders.Count - 1
      Call SendMessage(lv.hwnd, _
                       LVM_SETCOLUMNWIDTH, _
                       col2adjust, _
                       ByVal LVSCW_AUTOSIZE_USEHEADER)

End Sub

Private Sub wmiDesktopInfo()

   Dim DesktopSet As SWbemObjectSet
   Dim desktop As SWbemObject
   Dim thiscol As Long
  'add a first column, and set lv initial parameters
   With ListView1
      .View = lvwReport
      .Sorted = False
      .ColumnHeaders.Add , , "WMI Property"
      'add class properties to column 1
      .ListItems.Add , , "BorderWidth"
      .ListItems.Add , , "CoolSwitch"
      .ListItems.Add , , "CursorBlinkRate"
      .ListItems.Add , , "DragFullWindows"
      .ListItems.Add , , "GridGranularity"
      .ListItems.Add , , "IconSpacing"
      .ListItems.Add , , "IconTitleFaceName"
      .ListItems.Add , , "IconTitleSize"
      .ListItems.Add , , "IconTitleWrap"
      .ListItems.Add , , "Pattern"
      .ListItems.Add , , "ScrSaveActive"
      .ListItems.Add , , "ScrSaveExecutable"
      .ListItems.Add , , "ScrSaveSecure"
      .ListItems.Add , , "ScrSaveTimeout"
      .ListItems.Add , , "Wallpaper"
      .ListItems.Add , , "WallpaperStretched"
      .ListItems.Add , , "WallpaperTiled"
   End With
   Set DesktopSet = GetObject("winmgmts:{impersonationLevel=impersonate}"). _
   For Each desktop In DesktopSet
      With ListView1
         .ColumnHeaders.Add , , desktop.Name
         thiscol = (.ColumnHeaders.Count - 1)
         .ListItems(1).SubItems(thiscol) = desktop.BorderWidth
         .ListItems(2).SubItems(thiscol) = desktop.CoolSwitch
         .ListItems(3).SubItems(thiscol) = desktop.CursorBlinkRate
         .ListItems(4).SubItems(thiscol) = desktop.DragFullWindows
         .ListItems(5).SubItems(thiscol) = desktop.GridGranularity
         .ListItems(6).SubItems(thiscol) = desktop.IconSpacing
         .ListItems(7).SubItems(thiscol) = desktop.IconTitleFaceName
         .ListItems(8).SubItems(thiscol) = desktop.IconTitleSize
         .ListItems(9).SubItems(thiscol) = desktop.IconTitleWrap
         .ListItems(10).SubItems(thiscol) = desktop.Pattern
         .ListItems(11).SubItems(thiscol) = desktop.ScreenSaverActive
         .ListItems(12).SubItems(thiscol) = desktop.ScreenSaverExecutable
         .ListItems(13).SubItems(thiscol) = desktop.ScreenSaverSecure
         .ListItems(14).SubItems(thiscol) = desktop.ScreenSaverTimeout
         .ListItems(15).SubItems(thiscol) = desktop.Wallpaper
         .ListItems(16).SubItems(thiscol) = desktop.WallpaperStretched
         .ListItems(17).SubItems(thiscol) = desktop.WallpaperTiled

      End With

End Sub
All information returned in the Win32_Desktop class (note that some systems may not return information in all class properties):
uint32 BorderWidth
string Caption
boolean CoolSwitch
uint32 CursorBlinkRate
string Description
boolean DragFullWindows
uint32 GridGranularity
uint32 IconSpacing
string IconTitleFaceName
uint32 IconTitleSize
boolean IconTitleWrap
string Name
string Pattern
boolean ScreenSaverActive
string ScreenSaverExecutable
boolean ScreenSaverSecure
uint32 ScreenSaverTimeout
string SettingID
string Wallpaper
boolean WallpaperStretched
boolean WallpaperTiled


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